Special Issue

Ei-ichi Negishi's Special Issues, Vol. 86, No. 1, 2012

65 data found. 31 - 60 listedFirst Previous Next Last
Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 371 - 380
Published online: 13th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)26
Asymmetric Syntheses of Pyrrolidine and Piperidine Derivatives via Regio- and Stereo-Selective Ring-Opening Reactions of Chiral Aziridine

Kimio Higashiyama,* Masataka Matsumura, Emiko Kurita, and Takayasu Yamauchi

*Institute of Medicinal Chemistry, Hoshi University, Ebara 2-4-41, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8501, Japan


Asymmetric synthesis of cyclic β-amino alcohols (pyrrolidine and piperidine derivatives) has been achieved using a single chiral aziridine as the starting material. The key step of this synthetic methodology is regio- and stereo-controlled ring-opening of the chiral aziridine with acetic acid or acetyl chloride.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 381 - 389
Published online: 24th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)29
Isolation of Ellagitannin Monomer and Macrocyclic Dimer from Castanopsis carlesii Leaves

Yong-Lin Huang, Takashi Tanaka,* Yosuke Matsuo, Isao Kouno, Dian-Peng Li, and Gen-ichiro Nonaka

*Department of Natural Product Chemistry, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Nagasaki University, 1-14 Bunkyo-machi, Nagasaki 852-8521, Japan


In a phytochemical and chemotaxonomical investigation of Castanopsis species (Fagaceae), new monomeric and dimeric ellagitannins, named carlesiins A (1) and B (2), were isolated from fresh leaves of Castanopsis carlesii along with 55 known compounds. Carlesiin A was identified as 1-O-galloyl-4,6-(S)-tergalloyl-β-D-glucose. Carlesiin B is a macrocyclic ellagitannin dimer with a symmetrical structure composed of two tergalloyl and two glucopyranose moieties. Their structures were elucidated based on spectroscopic and chemical evidence.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 391 - 410
Published online: 27th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)33
Side-Chain Lithiation of 2- and 4-Substituted Pyridines: Synthesis of More Complex Substituted Pyridines

Keith Smith,* Gamal A. El-Hiti,* Ahmed Fekri, and Mohammed B. Alshammari

*School of Chemistry, Cardiff University, Main Building, Park Place, Cardiff, CF10 3AT, U.K.


Lithiation of pyridines substituted in the 2- and 4-positions by acylaminomethyl groups, namely of the corresponding N-(pyridinylmethyl)pivalamides, N' -(pyridinylmethyl)-N,N-dimethylureas and tert-butyl N-pyridinylmethylcarbamates, with two mole equivalents of t BuLi in anhydrous THF at 78 °C takes place on the nitrogen and on the methylene group of the side-chain. The lithium reagents thus obtained react with a variety of electrophiles to give the corresponding side-chain substituted derivatives in high yields.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 411 - 424
Published online: 8th August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)40
Highly Stereoselective Synthesis of anti-Tetrahydropyrimidine Derivatives under Microwave Heating

Qian Wang, An-Xiao Dai, Mian-Shuai Yi, Bo Jiang, Shu-Jiang Tu,* and Guigen Li*

*Department of Chemistry & Biochemistry, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409-1061, U.S.A.


New [3+3] heterocyclization has been established for the synthesis of anti-tetrahydropyrimidine derivatives. The reaction was conducted by reacting readily available and inexpensive starting materials, such as 4-arylidene-2-phenyloxazol-5(4H)-ones, and aryl amidines, under solvent-free condition and microwave irradiation. During the reaction processes, the selective construction of anti-tetrahydropyrimidine skeleton and two amide functions were readily achieved via TEA-catalyzed ring-opening of oxazoles in a one-pot operation; in the meanwhile, lactone was converted into corresponding lactam in an intermolecular manner.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 425 - 433
Published online: 7th August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)37

Lutz F. Tietze,* Arne Heins, Johannes R. Reiner, Svenia-C. Duefert, and Ingrid Schuberth

*Institute of Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry, University of Göttingen, Tammannstr. 2, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany


he design of novel natural product hybrids consisting of parts of two or more bioactive compounds may allow an access to new drugs. Here we describe a hybrid of the cytotoxic acronycine (2) and seco-duocarmycin 3, which was prepared via a selective bromination of 7 followed by the introduction of an alkyne moiety, which was further manipulated to give the epoxide 12. Cyclisation and chlorination of the formed primary hydroxy group yielded 3, which in situ would give the desired hybrid 4. The in vitro cytotoxicity test revealed a slightly higher bioactivity than acronycine (2).

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 435 - 453
Published online: 27th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)41
Nucleophilic Substitution Reaction of 1-Methoxyindole-3-carbaldehyde

Fumio Yamada, Daisuke Shinmyo, Masahiro Nakajou, and Masanori Somei*

*Noto Marine Laboratory, Institute of Nature and Environmental Technology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Kanazawa University, 56-7 Matsuhidai, Matsudo-shi, Chiba 270-2214, Japan


1-Methoxyindole-3-carbaldehyde is proved to be a versatile electrophile and reacts regioselectively at the 2-position with various types of nucleophiles providing 2-substituted indole-3-carbaldehydes.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 455 - 467
Published online: 24th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)43
Selective Deprotection of Methylene Acetal and MOM Ether in the Presence of Ketal-Type Protective Groups: Remarkable Effect of TBSOTf

Tomohiro Maegawa, Yasuyuki Koutani, Kento Senami, Kenzo Yahata, and Hiromichi Fujioka*

*Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Science, Osaka University, 1-6 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 560-0871, Japan


A novel procedure for highly selective deprotection of methylene acetals and MOM (methoxymethyl) groups in the presence of ketal-type protective groups has been developed. The method, which utilizes a combination of TBSOTf and 2,2’-bipyridyl, displays a completely opposite selectivity compared with those of acid-mediated deprotection protocols.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 469 - 485
Published online: 31st July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)44
Catalytic Asymmetric Synthesis of (S)-Laudanosine by Hydroamination

Tokutaro Ogata, Tetsutaro Kimachi, Ken-ichi Yamada, Yasutomo Yamamoto, and Kiyoshi Tomioka*

*Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Doshisha Women’s College of Liberal Arts, Kodo, Kyotanabe, Kyoto 610-0395, Japan


Lithium amide–chiral bisoxazoline-catalyzed asymmetric intramolecular hydroamination was examined with respect to the structural variants of starting aminoalkenes. Substituents on the nitrogen and olefin of aminoalkenes were found to be important factors affecting reaction efficiency as well as enentioselectivity in the production of chiral tetrahydroisoquinolines and isoindolines. The catalytic asymmetric total synthesis of (S)-laudanosine highlights the utility of the asymmetric hydroamination.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 487 - 496
Published online: 3rd August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)45

Daisuke Takeda, Koji Hirano, Tetsuya Satoh,* and Masahiro Miura*

*Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan


The palladium-catalyzed direct annulation of benzophenone imines with o-dihalobenzenes proceeds through C–H and N–H bond cleavages to produce 6-arylphenanthridine derivatives. 2-Phenyl-imidazole, -benzimidazole, and -indole also undergo the annulation to form the corresponding tetra- and pentacyclic compounds.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 497 - 503
Published online: 31st July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)47

Yoshinori Saito, Koji Takiguchi, Xun Gong, Chiaki Kuroda, and Motoo Tori*

*Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, 180 Nishihamabouji, Yamashiro-machi, Tokushima, 770-8514, Japan


From Cremanthodium rhodocephalum (Asteraceae) collected in Yunnan Province of China, four bisabolane-type (three of them were new) and one oplopane-type sesquiterpenoid were isolated. Two new hydroperoxides were the first example with the bisabolane-type skeleton. This is the first report about the study on C. rhodocephalum.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 505 - 513
Published online: 13th August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)49

Takumi Abe, Hiroyuki Komatsu, Toshiaki Ikeda, Noriyuki Hatae, Eiko Toyota, and Minoru Ishikura*

*Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Health Sciences University of Hokkaido, Ishikari-Tobetsu, Hokkaido 061-0293, Japan


A short total synthesis of a bisindole alkaloid, yuechukene, was achieved through the dimerization of β-dehydroprenylindole generated in situ from 1-(indol-3yl)-3-methylbut-2-en-1-amine.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 515 - 534
Published online: 2nd August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)50

Hiroki Uoyama, Hiroko Yamada, Tetsuo Okujima, and Hidemitsu Uno*

*Department of Chemistry and Biology, Graduate School or Science and Engineering, Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho 2-5, Matsuyama 790-8577, Japan


Ethanonaphthoporphyrins with a halogen atom at the ζ position were prepared by the [3+1] porphyrin synthesis of halogen-substituted ethanobenz[f]isoindole with a tripyrrane derivative. The halogeno porphyrins were converted to the corresponding ethynyl and pinacolatoboronyl compounds by Sonogashira and borylation reactions, respectively. Suzuki, Sonogashira, and Glaser coupling reactions of these ethanonaphthoporphyrins gave bis-porphyrins connected with no atom, acetylene, and butadiyne, respectively. Retro Diels-Alder reaction of these bis-porphyrins brought about the conversion of bicyclo[2.2.2]octadiene to benzene moieties to give bis-naphthoporphyrins, quantitatively.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 535 - 553
Published online: 31st July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)51
Synthesis of 15,28-Dideoxy-15,28-didehydrothyrsenol

Mary A. Smart and Frank E. McDonald*

*Department of Chemistry, Emory University, 1515 Dickey Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322, U.S.A.


The tetracyclic skeleton of thyrsenols A and B has been assembled, with the construction of ring A by exo-selective oxacyclization of an epoxybromohydrin, B ring formation by exo-selective oxacyclization of hydroxyepoxide followed by solvolytic ring expansion of a tetrahydrofuran to tetrahydropyran, C ring closure by tungsten-promoted endo-selective oxacyclization of a hydroxyalkyne, and D ring preparation by asymmetric dihydroxylation of an epoxyalkene accompanied by exo-selective oxacyclization. A modified Stille coupling linked two fragments at C14-C15 to directly provide the tetracyclic dienylether.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 555 - 563
Published online: 8th August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)53
N-Chlorosuccinimide/Sodium Hydroxide-Mediated Synthesis of Benzimidazoles from Amidines under Mild Conditions

Thanh Binh Nguyen,* Ludmila Ermolenko, and Ali Al-Mourabit

*Department of Chemistry, Institut de Chimie des Substances Naturelles, CNRS, 1, Avenue de la Terrasse, 91190 Gif-sur-Yvette, France


A convenient room-temperature one-pot procedure for the preparation of benzimidazoles derivatives from N-arylamidines has been developed. The reaction of N-aryl-N'-chloro amidines, generated by the treatment of N-aryl amidines with N-chlorosuccinimide, in presence of sodium hydroxide provides benzimidazoles in good to excellent yields. Nitrogen anion generated in situ from succinimide (by-product of the chlorination step using NCS) and hydroxide anion was found to be highly effective as Brønsted base to promote the cyclization into benzimidazole of N-aryl-N'-chloroamidine.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 565 - 598
Published online: 6th August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)54

Yu Tang,* Jin-Haek Yang, Jia Liu, Chao-Chao Wang, Ming-Can Lv, Yi-Biao Wu, Xue-Liang Yu, Changhong Ko, and Richard Hsung*

*Department of Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, University of Wisconsin, 777 Highland Aenue, Madison, WI 53705, U.S.A.


We describe herein details of our efforts in syntheses of A-ring and BC-ring of (+)-spirastrellolide A. While the former would constitute a facile 12-step synthetic endeavor starting from 1,5-pentanediol, the latter would showcase a cyclic acetal-tethered ring-closing metathesis [RCM] method that was developed in our lab for de novo synthesis of spiroketals. Constructing the entire Southern Half of the macrocycle would require 1,3-anti-Mukaiyama aldol addition for connecting A-ring and BC-ring specifically at C10 and C11, thereby culminating a 17-step approach for the C1-23 fragment linearly from (+)-2,3-(O)-iso-propylidene-L-threitol. Also discussed here is the possibility of pursuing a more convergent approach toward the assembly of the Southern Half through first connecting A-ring and C-ring via acetal formation that would first link together the free C13-OH with C17 at the spiro-BC-ring junction. An ensuing application of our cyclic acetal-tethered RCM strategy to close B-ring would adopt this cyclic acetal intermediate.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 599 - 609
Published online: 19th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)55
Platinum-Catalyzed Regioselective Hydration of 1-(2-Propynyl)-2-formylpyrroles

Masahiro Yoshida* and Shota Yodokawa

*Graduate of School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Tokushima, 1-78-1 Sho-machi, Tokushima 770-8505, Japan


The hydration reaction of 1-(2-propynyl)-2-formylpyrroles with a platinum catalyst in aqueous media is described. Various 1-(2-oxopropyl)-2-formylpyrroles were regioselectively synthesized via the platinum-promoted intramolecular 6-exo-dig cyclization pathway.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 611 - 622
Published online: 30th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)58
Direct Catalytic Asymmetric Vinylogous Michael Reaction of α,β-Unsaturated γ-Butyrolactam under Dinuclear Nickel Schiff Base Catalysis

Hirooki Tanabe, Yingjie Xu, Bo Sun, Shigeki Matsunaga,* and Masakatsu Shibasaki*

*Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan


Direct catalytic asymmetric vinylogous Michael reaction is described. 2.5 mol % of homobimetallic (S)-Ni2-Schiff base complex efficiently catalyzed the addition of α,β-unsaturated γ-butyrolactam to nitroalkenes under simple proton transfer conditions, giving vinylogous Michael products in 83-99% yield, 16:1->30:1 dr, and 96-99% ee.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 623 - 636
Published online: 13th August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)60
Novel Efficient Synthesis and Properties of 5,6-Dihydrocyclohepta[b]indol-6-one, and Its Transformation to 6-Azolyl-5-azabenz[b]azulenes

Mitsunori Oda,* Kunihiro Ito, Hiroshi Takagi, and Yurie Fujiwara

*Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Shinshu University, Asahi, Matsumoto 390-8621, Japan


The title compound, 5,6-dihydrocyclohepta[b]indol-6-one (1), was synthesized from 2-chlorotropone (7) by a two-step sequence involving Pd-catalyzed amination with 2-bromoaniline (15) and subsequent Pd-catalyzed intramolecular Heck reaction. Besides its synthetic detail, some physical properties of 1, such as acidity, basicity and spectroscopic behavior, were also reported. Compound 1 was transformed into 6-(1H-pyrazol-1-yl)- and 6-(1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)-5-azabenz[b]azulenes (13 and 14) as a potential ligand.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 637 - 648
Published online: 7th August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)63

Tetsuo Okujima,* Akiko Toda, Yoko Miyashita, Ayumi Nonoshita, Hiroko Yamada, Noboru Ono, and Hidemitsu Uno

*Department of Chemistry and Biology, Graduate School or Science and Engineering, Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho 2-5, Matsuyama 790-8577, Japan


Bis(azulenylethynyl)thiophenes, terthiophenes, and dithienothiophenes have been synthesized by the Pd-catalyzed cross-coupling of the corresponding diiodothiophenes with 1- and 6-ethynylazulenes under SonogashiraHagihara conditions.

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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 649 - 658
Published online: 30th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)84

Reiko Kawahama and Jun'ichi Uenishi*

*Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Misasagi, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8412, Japan


Addition of MeMgSnBu3 to the conjugated enynes 1 and 5 were thoroughly studied. The addition reactions were proceeded stereoselectively at –20 °C, but a thermal isomerization occurred when the reaction was carried out at 0 °C. (2E,4Z,6E)-Dehydrodendrolasin 14 was synthesized using the isomerized 2-methyl-1-iodo-1,3-diene product 17.

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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 659 - 668
Published online: 30th May, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)9
Synthetic Studies on α,α-Disubstituted Amino Acids Employing (2S,4R)-4-Hydroxyproline as the Chiral Pool: Preparation of Methyl O-Benzyl-2-(α-cyanomethyl)-D-tyrosinate and Dimethyl 2-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-L-aspartate

Ryohei Nagahara, Chihiro Hisa, Noriko Kojima, Naoshi Yamamoto, and Toshio Honda*

*Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hoshi University, 2-4-41 Ebara, Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo 142-8501, Japan


Methyl O-benzyl-2-(α-cyanomethyl)-D-tyrosinate and dimethyl 2-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-L-aspartate were synthesized starting from (2S,4R)-4-hydroxyproline via Beckmann fragmentation of the corresponding oxime tosylate.

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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 669 - 677
Published online: 25th May, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)11
Enantioselective Mukaiyama-Aldol Reaction between Enol Silanes and Ketomalonate Catalyzed by the Copper(II) Complex of TIPS-Substituted Bis-oxazoline

Giovanni Desimoni,* Guiseppe Faita, Alessandro Livieri, and Laura Ponta

*Department of Chemistry, University of Pavia, Viale Teramelli 10, I-27100 Pavia, Italy


The stable complex [(4'S,5'S)-4b/Cu(Tf)2/H2O] (5), obtained from TIPS-Box and Copper triflate, catalyzes enantioselectively the Mukaiyama-aldol reactions between two silyl enol ethers (1a,b) and diethyl ketomalonate (2). Yields are very good and the ee of (R)-3b is up to 94%. When the reaction was catalyzed by 4-Ph-Box complex [(4'R)-4a/Cu(Tf)2], in which the configuration at the C-4 centre is opposite to that of 5, the same enantiomer was obtained. The undistorted square pyramidal structure of complex 5, determined by crystallographic structure, and the effect of water and molecular sieves on efficiency and selectivity of the catalyst, suggest some proposals to rationalize the resulting stereoselectivity.

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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 679 - 686
Published online: 13th August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)18

Takeshi Kimura,* Nobuhiro Takahashi, Tomoyuki Tajima, and Yutaka Takaguchi

*Center for Instrumental Analysis, Iwate University, 4-3-5 Ueda, Morioka, Iwate 020-8551, Japan


α-Substituted unsymmetrical phthalocyanines fused with one through three TTF units were prepared on treatment of mixed 3,6-dioctyltetrathia- fulvalenophthalonitrile and 3,6-dioctoxyphthalonitrile with lithium alkoxide at 120 °C. The optical and electrochemical properties of the products were determined by UV-vis spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry.

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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 687 - 695
Published online: 17th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)19
A C2-Symmetric Pool Based Synthesis of the Furanoside of Hygromycin A

Hong-Jay Lo, Yuan-Kang Chang, Feng-Yi Lin, and Tu-Hsin Yan*

*Department of Chemistry, National Chung Hsing University, 250, Kuo Kuang Road, Taichung 40227, Taiwan, R.O.C.


The readily available and inexpensive D-tartaric acid serves as the chiral building block for synthesis of the furanoside of hygromycin A. Key to our successes in the asymmetric synthesis of the furanose segment was the melding of several key reactions, such as the successful application of the monosilylation of C2-symmetric diol, diastereocontrolled di(2-propenyl)zinc addition to the aldehyde, and TMSCl-MeOH promoted desilylation, acetal-cleavage, and intramolecular esterification in one-step.

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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 697 - 704
Published online: 29th June, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)20

Chun Chen, Wei Ye, and Stewart W. Schneller*

*Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Auburn University, 179 Chemistry Building, Auburn, AL 36849-5312, U.S.A.


As an entry into L-like 3-deazaaristeromycins, synthesis of the enantiomer of D-like 4'-methyl-3-deazaaristeromycin is described in 11 steps from a readily accessible cyclopentenone that, in turn, is prepared from D-ribose.

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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 705 - 712
Published online: 13th August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)22

Norio Ota, Yasuhiro Kamitori,* Mizuki Hatakenaka, and Etsuji Okada*

*Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501, Japan


2,4-Diethoxy-6-trifluoromethyl-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran was reacted with thiols in the presence of p-toluenesulfonic acid by heating followed by treatment with trifluoroacetic acid to afford the corresponding 4-trifluoroacetyl-1,3-butadienyl sulfides selectively. Our DFT calculation results suggest thermodynamically controlled attack of thiols at 6-position of pyrylium intermediate followed by electrocyclic ring-opening as a reasonable mechanism for this reaction.

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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 713 - 718
Published online: 31st July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)23

Ryo Iwamoto and Masahiko Hayashi*

*Department of Chemistry , Graduate School of Science, Kobe University, 1-1 Rokkodai-cho, Nada-ku, Kobe 657-8501, Japan


Imidazole and imidazoline (dihydroimidazole) derivatives can serve as simple and efficient ligands for the nickel-catalyzed Kumada-Tamao-Corriu coupling reaction. Among the imidazole and imidazoline derivatives in our investigations, the 2-phenyllimidazoline–nickel (II) chloride complex exhibited the highest catalytic activity.

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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 719 - 725
Published online: 18th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)25
Ring-Opening Reactions of 2-Phenyl-1’H,5H-spiro[oxazole-4,2’-quinoxalin]-3’(4’H)-ones

Irena Mušič and Bojan Verček*

*Faculty of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, University of Ljubljana, Aškerčeva 5, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia


Several simple quinoxaline derivatives were prepared by ring-opening reactions of 2-phenyl-1’H,5H-spiro[oxazole-4,2’-quinoxalin]-3’(4’H)-one and its N-alkyl derivatives under various reaction conditions.

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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 727 - 734
Published online: 17th July, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)27
Enantioselective Synthesis of cis- and trans-2-Methyl-6-nonylpiperidines: Alkaloids Solenopsin and Isosolenopsin

Mohamed Medjahdi, José Carlos González-Gómez,* Francisco Foubelo, and Miguel Yus*

*Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Institute of Organic Synthesis (ISO), University of Alicante, P.O. Box 99, 03080 Alicante, Spain


The cross-metathesis of the enantioenriched homoallylic amine 8 (readily accessible by α-aminoallylation of decanal) with methyl vinyl ketone using the Hoveyda-Blechert catalyst 10 in presence of 10 mol% of Ti(O-i-Pr)4 led exclusively to the (E)-enone 11, which by stereoselective reductive amination affords (+)-isosolenopsin (3a) and (+)-solenopsin (4a) with excellent selectivities.

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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp. 735 - 743
Published online: 2nd August, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)32
Quantitative Analysis of Cu(I) Concentration in Click Chemistry — Biotinylation at Side Chain of Propargylglycine Using Click Chemistry under Heating Conditions —

Yui Ogasawara, Yuta Murai, Yasuko Sakihama, Yasuyuki Hashidoko, and Makoto Hashimoto*

*Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Kita 9 Nishi 9, Kita-ku, Sapporo, Hokkaido 060-8589, Japan


The click reaction is one of the latest techniques for the chemical modification of bioactive compounds. Chemical modifications of α-amino acid side chains are gaining significance as useful and important tools for biochemical research. The biotin-avidin specific interaction has been extensively utilized in functional analysis. Synthesis of side chain biotinylated α-amino acid derivative using click reaction and detail quantitative analysis of Cu(I) concentration in the course of the reactions are described.

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