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Paper | Regular issue | Vol 71, No. 5, 2007, pp.1117-1125
Published online, 27th March, 2007
DOI: 10.3987/COM-07-11034
Four Acylated Cyanidin 3-Sambubioside-5-glucosides from the Purple-Violet Flowers of Lobularia maritima

Fumi Tatsuzawa,* Kenjiro Toki, Norio Saito, Koichi Shinoda, Atsushi Shigihara, and Toshio Honda

*Laboratory of Floriculture, Faculty of Floriculture, Minami-Kyushu University, 11609 Takanabe, Koyu-gun, Miyazaki 884-0003, Japan

Abstract

Four acylated cyanidin 3-sambubioside-5-glucosides were isolated from the purple-violet flowers of Lobularia maritima (L.) Desv. ‘Easter Bonnet Violet’ along with six known anthocyanins. These new pigments were determined by chemical and spectroscopic methods to be cyanidin 3-O-[2-O-(2-O-(trans-feruloyl)-β-D-xylopyranosyl)-6-O-(4-O-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)-trans-p-coumaroyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside]-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, cyanidin 3-O-[2-O-(β-D-xylopyranosyl)-6-O-(trans-feruloyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside]-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, cyanidin 3-O-[2-O-(2-O-(trans-caffeoyl)-β-D-xylopyranosyl)-6-O-(trans-feruloyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside]-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside or cyanidin 3-O-[2-O-(2-O-(trans-feruloyl)-β-D-xylopyranosyl)-6-O-(trans-caffeoyl)- β-D-glucopyranoside]-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, and cyanidin 3-O-[2-O-(2-O-(trans-feruloyl)-β-D-xylopyranosyl)-6-O-(trans-feruloyl)-β-D-glucopyranoside]-5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside.