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Note | Regular issue | Vol 75, No. 11, 2008, pp.2803-2808
Published online, 23rd June, 2008
DOI: 10.3987/COM-08-11435
A New Method to Synthesize Famciclovir

Lei Luo, Guorong Chen, and Yuanchao Li*

*Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica, 555 Zuchongzhi Rd., Zhangjiang Hi-Tech Park, Shanghai, 201203, China

Abstract

A new and efficient method has been reported for the synthesis of 2-amino-9-[4-acetoxy-3-(acetoxymethyl)butyl-1-yl]purine (famciclovir) starting from guanine. The route involves chlorination of guanine, optimized Mitsunobu reaction, coupling with diethyl malonate, hydrogenation, reduction and esterification, and the overall yield is about 29%. This method does not require any form of chromatographic purification to give pure famciclovir, and it is an industrially viable manufacturing process for this drug.