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Review | Special issue | Vol 47, No. 2, 1998, pp.1111-1133
Published online, 1st January, 1970
DOI: 10.3987/REV-97-SR(N)7
Bioactive Taxoids from Japanese Yew Taxus cuspidata and Taxol Biosynthesis

Jun'ichi Kobayashi* and Hideyuki Shigemori

*Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-0812, Japan


A series of new taxoids, named taxuspines A ~ H and J ~ Z (1 - 25), have been isolated together with 37 known taxoids (26 ~ 62) including taxol (42) from the Japanese yew Taxus cuspidata Sieb. et Zucc. These new taxoids possessed various skeletons containing 5/7/6, 6/10/6, 6/5/5/6, 6/8/6, or 6/12-membered ring systems. Among the new taxoids, some non-taxol-type compounds remarkably reduced CaCl2-induced depolymerization of microtubules, or increased cellular accumulation of vincristine in multidrug-resistant tumor cells as potent as verapamil. Here we describe our recent results on the isolation, structure elucidation, and bioactivity of these new and known taxoids as well as recent development of taxol biosynthesis.