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Review | Special issue | Vol 77, No. 1, 2009, pp.99-150
Published online, 4th September, 2008
DOI: 10.3987/REV-08-SR(F)3
Bryophytes: Bio- and Chemical Diversity, Bioactivity and Chemosystematics

Yoshiori Asakawa,* Agnieszka Ludwiczuk, Fumihiro Nagashima, Masao Toyota, Toshihiro Hashimoto, Motoo Tori, Yoshiyasu Fukuyama, and Liva Harinantenaina

*Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tokushima Bunri University, 180 Nishihamabouji, Yamashiro-machi, Tokushima, 770-8514, Japan

Abstract

The bryophytes contain the Marchantiophyta (liverwort), Bryophyta (moss) and Anthocerotophyta (hornwort) among which the Marchantiophyta contain cellular oil body and they produce a number of mono-, sesqui- and diterpenoids, aromatic compounds like bibenzyl, bis(bibenzyls) and acetogenins. Several of these compounds show interesting biological activity such as insecticide, insect antifeedant, cytotoxic, piscicidal, muscle relaxing, allergenic contact dermatitis, anti-HIV, DNA polymerase β, 5-lipoxygenase, calmodium inhibitory, anti-obesity, neurotrophic, cyclooxygenase, hyaluronidase and NO production inhibitory, antimicrobial and antifungal activities. Each liverwort biosynthesizes peculiar components, which are valuable for classification of liverworts. The typical chemical structures and bioactivity of the selected liverwort constituents as well as chemosystematics of several species of the Marchantiophyta are surveyed.