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Review | Regular issue | Vol 78, No. 6, 2009, pp.1413-1426
Published online, 28th January, 2009
DOI: 10.3987/REV-08-651
The Diterpenoids from the Genus Hyptis (Lamiaceae)

Franco Piozzi,* Maurizio Bruno, Sergio Rosselli, and Antonella Maggio

*Department of Organic Chemistry, University of Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy

Abstract

The genus Hyptis (family Lamiaceae) is known mainly for the essential oils isolated from the aerial parts of several species. Less known are the diterpenoids, extracted from a limited number of species. In consideration of the interest for the structures of this class of compounds, largely occurring in the whole Lamiaceae family, the present paper means to review and update their chemistry. Also the use of many species of Hyptis in folk-medicine is reported.