Online article for Non-subscribers

Pay per view

Heterocycles has a pay-per-view service for Non-subscribers.
You will be able to directly purchase the full text article through PayPal.
Your purchased Paper can be downloaded after the payment is completed.
An e-mail will be sent the URL to download the paper.
If you have any questions, please contact: purchase@heterocycles.com

Price: ¥ 4,320 (Yen only)
Period: This Article can be accessed for 7 days.

Paper | Special issue | Vol 82, No. 1, 2010, pp.563-579
Published online, 11th June, 2010
DOI: 10.3987/COM-10-S(E)27
Total Synthesis of (+)- and (-)-Galanthamine

Tomoaki Kato, Hiroki Tanimoto, Hisako Yamada, and Noritaka Chida*

*Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Science and Technology, Keio University, Hiyoshi, Kohoku-ku Yokohama 223-8522, Japan

Abstract

The stereoselective total synthesis of (+)-galanthamine [(+)-1], an antipode of the natural product, and (–)-galanthamine [(–)-1] starting from D-glucose is described. The cyclohexene unit in (+)-1 was prepared in an optically active form from D-glucose using Ferrier’s carbocyclization reaction, and the benzylic quaternary carbon was stereoselectively generated via chirality transfer by Johnson- or Eschenmoser-Claisen rearrangement. The dibenzofuran skeleton was effectively constructed by the bromonium ion-mediated intramolecular dealkylating etherification. After the introduction of a carbon-carbon double bond, the Pictet-Spengler type cyclization, followed by reduction of an amide function afforded (+)-1. Starting from D-glucose, (–)-galanthamine [(–)-1] was also totally synthesized.