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Paper | Special issue | Vol 86, No. 1, 2012, pp.203-217
Published online, 21st June, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-S(N)2
Highly Enantioselective Synthesis of Isoquinuclidine by Diels-Alder Reaction of 1,2-Dihydropyridine Utilizing Chiral Bisoxazoline-Cu(II) Complex

N. D. M. Romauli Hutabarat, Chigusa Seki,* Takashi Shimizu, Masafumi Hirama, Yoshihito Kohari, Hiroto Nakano, Koji Uwai, Nobuhiro Takano, Eunsang Kwon, and Haruo Matsuyama*

*Department of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of Engineering, Muroran Institute of Technology, 27-1 Mizumoto, Muroran, Hokkaido 050-8585, Japan

Abstract

The enantioselective Diels-Alder (D-A) reaction between N-phenoxycarbonyl- or N-benzyloxycarbonyl-1,2-dihydropyridine (1a or 1b) and N(2)-acryloyl-N(1)-(1-naphthylmethyl)-5,5-dimethylpyrazolidin-3-one (2b) using (S,S)-bisoxazoline-Cu(II) catalyst (A, B, C or D) has been investigated. Utilizing (S,S)-t-Bu-bisoxazoline-Cu(II) catalyst C, the D-A reaction of 1a and 2 afforded the endo-(7S)-isoquinuclidines (3, 4 or 5) in good chemical yields with high enantioselectivity (up to 99% e.e.).