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Paper | Regular issue | Vol 85, No. 7, 2012, pp.1655-1669
Published online, 4th June, 2012
DOI: 10.3987/COM-12-12500
Studies on the Petasis Reaction of 2-Pyridinecarbaldehyde Derivatives and Its Products

Hiroki Mandai,* Kyouta Murota, and Seiji Suga*

*Division of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, 3-1-1 Tsushima-naka, Kita-ku, Okayama 700-8530, Japan

Abstract

The Petasis reaction of various 2-pyridinecarbaldehydes with secondary amines and boronic acids in refluxed acetonitrile proceeded to afford desired products up to 96% yield. The reaction proceeded under mild conditions to afford wide range of amines adjacent to heteroaromatic rings. Interestingly, the aldehyde possessing a nucleophilic moiety, 4-(dimethylamino)-2-pyridinecarbaldehyde, with (S)-(-)-N-methyl-1-phenylethylamine and 2 equivalent of trans-2-phenylvinylboronic acid afforded unexpected product, (E)-N-benzyl-3-phenyl-1-(pyridin-2-yl)prop-2-en-1-amine, in high yield. This product might be formed through the direct alkylation of aldehyde by trans-2-phenylvinylboronic acid, followed by anion/enolate isomerization. Derivatization of the Petasis products were also employed and 2-alkyl substituted pyridine derivatives can be obtained through deamination of the Petasis products under the simple hydrogenation conditions.