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Short Paper | Special issue | Vol 90, No. 2, 2015, pp.1419-1432
Published online, 14th October, 2014
DOI: 10.3987/COM-14-S(K)103
Stereoselective Aza-Henry Reaction of Chiral tert-Butanesulfinyl Imines with Methyl or Ethyl 4-Nitrobutanoate: Easy Access to Enantioenriched 6-Substituted Piperidine-2,5-diones

M. Jesús García-Muñoz, Francisco Foubelo,* and Miguel Yus*

*Department of Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences and Institute of Organic Synthesis (ISO), University of Alicante, P.O. Box 99, 03080 Alicante, Spain

Abstract

The base-catalyzed addition of 4-nitrobutanoates 6 to N-tert-butanesulfinyl imines 8 under solvent-free reaction conditions proceeded with high face diastereoselectivity. The resulting β-nitroamine derivatives 9 were easily transformed into 6-substituted piperidine-2,5-diones 11 upon removal of the sulfinyl group with concomitant δ-lactam formation and functional group transformation under Nef reaction conditions.