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Paper | Regular issue | Vol 89, No. 5, 2014, pp.1159-1171
Published online, 4th April, 2014
DOI: 10.3987/COM-14-12958
C-H Trifluoromethylations of 1,3-Dimethyluracil and Reactivity of the Products in C-H Arylations

Miroslava Ćerňová, Radek Pohl, Blanka Klepetářová, and Michal Hocek*

*Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Flemingovo nam. 2, CZ-16610 Prague 6, Czech Republic


Diverse electrophilic, nucleophilic and radical C-H trifluoromethylations of 1,3-dimethyluracil were systematically studied in order to prepare either 5- or 6-(trifluoromethyl)uracil derivatives. Electrophilic reagents led only to dimeric bis-uracil products, whereas the radical trifluoromethylation by CF3SO2Na in presence of t-BuOOH gave 1,3-dimethyl-5-(trifluoromethyl)uracil (2) in good yield. The 6-(trifluoromethyl)uracil derivative 3 was only prepared in low yield and in a mixture with 2 by Ir-catalyzed borylation followed by treatment with the Togni's reagent. Attempted Pd-catalyzed C-H arylations of 2 in the presence of Cs2CO3 gave mixtures of de-trifluoromethylated products, whereas the reaction with 4-iodotoluene in the presence of CsF gave the desired 6-aryl-5-trifluoromethyluracil derivative 8 in moderate yield and the reaction was not general for other aryl halides.