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Communication | Special issue | Vol 90, No. 2, 2015, pp.893-900
Published online, 20th October, 2014
DOI: 10.3987/COM-14-S(K)102
Synthesis of 2,7-Disubstituted 5,10-Diaryl-5,10-dihydrophenazines via Iron-Catalyzed Intramolecular Ring-Closing C–H Amination

Yuma Aoki, Ryuji Imayoshi, Takuji Hatakeyama, Hikaru Takaya, and Masaharu Nakamura*

*International Research Center for Elements Science, Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto, 611-0011, Japan


A novel iron-catalyzed intramolecular ring-closing C–H amination reaction of o-phenylenediamines was developed, affording the corresponding 2,7-disubstituted 5,10-diaryl-5,10-dihydrophenazines in acceptable yields. The reaction proceeded via the in-situ generation of the magnesium amides of the starting secondary amines in the presence of a catalytic amount of an iron salt and a stoichiometric amount of 1,2-dibromoethane as the terminal oxidant. The substituted dihydrophenazine derivatives can potentially be used as hole-injection materials in organic electroluminescence (OEL) devices and also offer scaffolds for further synthetic elaborations of OEL materials.