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Paper | Regular issue | Vol 104, No. 2, 2022, pp.326-338
Published online, 30th November, 2021
DOI: 10.3987/COM-21-14577
Synthesis and Radical Scavenging Activity of Substituted Dihydrobenzofuran-5-ols

Keiko Inami,* Hiromasa Minami, Tsunahito Hayashi, Yuta Okayama, and Masataka Mochizuki

*Division of Pharmaceutical Organic Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sanyo-Onoda City University, 1-1-1 Daigakudori, Sanyo-Onoda-shi, Yamaguchi 756-0884, Japan

Abstract

Antioxidants are important in preventing oxidative stress by scavenging oxygen free radicals. In this study, a series of 2,2-dimethyl-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-5-ols with amino, methoxy, chloro and nitro groups at the ortho position relative to the phenolic OH group were newly synthesized, and their galvinoxyl and hydroxyl radical scavenging activities were measured. Substituted 2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-5-ols showed higher activity than the corresponding 6-chromanols, especially 6-amino-2,2-dimethyl-2,3-dihydrobenzofuran-5-ol, which possessed the highest activity among the tested compounds. The results demonstrated that the planarity and electron-donating capacity of these molecules enhanced their radical scavenging activities, as is known for 6-chromanols.